“Kakeršna setev, takšna bode žetev”*

Nasveti za poljedelce in vrtnarje v Kmetijskih in rokodelskih novicah

Spomladanska opravila na vrtu so za nami. Poskrbeli smo za pripravo zemlje in gnojenje, vrtninam odmerili primeren prostor in jih kombinirali glede na dobre medsosedske odnose, skrbno zalivali mlade posevke in odstranjevali plevel, postavili oporo za kumare in paradižnik, grah in fižol … Nekoliko nizke temperature v preteklih tednih so mi sicer osebno precej ustrezale, rastlinam pa niso preveč godile in napredujejo bolj počasi. Sedaj, ko prihajajo toplejši dnevi, pa je, upajmo, pričakovati njihov razcvet. Da le ne bo prevroče in presuho. Med pomembnimi opravili v naslednjih tednih bo skrb, da zemlja ostane primerno vlažna in rahla.
Vrtnih del se lotevamo različno, vsakdo ima svoje navade. Največ se naučimo iz lastnih izkušenj, v pomoč so nam seveda tudi izmenjava mnenj s sovrtnarji ter številni napotki iz knjig in s spleta. V današnjem prispevku pa odkrivam drobce o vrtnarjenju v preteklih časih. Zanimalo me je, kaj imajo Kmetijske in rokodelske novice (1843–1902), eden prvih slovenskih časopisov, povedati o vrtnarskih opravilih v drugi polovici 19. stoletja. Nadaljuj z branjem “Kakeršna setev, takšna bode žetev”*

Šola v naravi 6

… ali Semena vrtnih rastlin in botanične družine

Rastlinsko seme vsebuje kalček, iz katerega bo v ugodnih pogojih vzklila nova rastlina, in rezervne hranilne snovi, dane mladi rastlini kot popotnica v svet. Obdano je s semensko lupino. Seme je izid cvetenja, oprašitve in oploditve cveta. Na različnih rastlinah lahko opazujemo zelo različne oblike semen; lahko se skrivajo v plodu (kot pri bučki ali paradižniku), lahko so zbrana v storžu (koruza), lahko imajo lastne letalne naprave (dlačice regratovih lučk) … Nadaljuj z branjem Šola v naravi 6

Life by the pond

A walk in the forest is a great way to unwind, take some time to contemplate and clear the mind, relax both body and spirit. Being surrounded by majestic trees and rich undergrowth, walking on paths with feet softly sinking in humus ground, and following murmuring water stream while listening to birds chirp is very soothing. If we’re lucky, we’ll cross paths with a deer, see a mole peek out of its molehill and a squirrel hopping on tree branches, or spot a pair of mallards before they see us and decide to fly away. Forest is just a place to employ all of our senses and – as we like to say – become one with nature.
But to put this idealistic notion into perspective, we must realize that enjoying nature and using it to get away is only possible because Nadaljuj z branjem Life by the pond

Cer mountain

In these days – when time is oddly running a little slow, yet things are evolving rapidly and we are overwhelmed with concerning news; and in times when we try to find balance between avoiding panic, but at the same time staying cautious – it is not a bad idea to take a break and put our mind at ease at least for a little while. I am doing so with today’s post (still sticking to English exercise). I browsed through photos on my computer and chose an album that tells us an interesting story and takes us to a different time and place. Nadaljuj z branjem Cer mountain

Knotweed (genus Fallopia)

Learning about knotweed plants (genus that includes several highly invasive species) at times feels like reading sci-fi literature. In fact, when I got to know more about the means of their spreading, term alien species got another layer of meaning. Japanese, bohemian and giant knotweed grow in ruderal habitats, along roads and railroads, on waste grounds, forest edges etc. Main way of their reproduction is vegetative: even a tiny bit of rhizome (underground stem) can produce a new plant, and us humans contribute to their spreading by not properly handling waste material on construction sites; this material often contains parts of rhizomes and stems and we transport it from one place to antoher. When these plants grow near rivers, as for example Japanese knotweed does, water flow makes their spreading easy by carrying pieces of rhizomes along the river stream. The underground rhizome system has some monstrous proportions: it can grow several meters deep, it is extremely though and persistent – and very hard to get rid of once it gets settled in. Knotweeds are perennial plants, stems dry out after autumn and each spring new shoots emerge, growing from rhizomes. These plants are so strong that they can push through a thick layer of concrete or asphalt. A little spooky, reminds me of something I could see in a science fiction novel? We could say that natural life forces precede – and fuel human imagination. Nadaljuj z branjem Knotweed (genus Fallopia)

The Solidago genus

Next up in my short series of posts about non-indigenous species is a couple of plants from the genus called goldenrod (Solidago). In today’s English exercise I explore characteristics of two very similar species with golden-yellow flowers and some minor differences between the two. Canadian goldenrod (Solidago canadensis) and giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea) are both perennial plants, native to North America (as one of the names suggests), but invasive in our environment – because they spread very quickly and form massive stands, endangering local vegetation. They were brought to Europe as an ornamental plant. Solidago genus is part of Asteraceae (Compositae) family. Nadaljuj z branjem The Solidago genus

Impatiens glandulifera

My third year of blogging on Mali gaj begins with a little change. So far I’ve published about two dozen posts, mostly about history and botany. I will continue writing about these topics, but I’m (temporarily) switching to a different language. My English is a little rusty, so I’m taking this opportunity to try myself out, practice, and hopefully improve a bit. Nadaljuj z branjem Impatiens glandulifera

Na Produ*

Tudi na razmeroma majhnem območju narava velikokrat skriva ogromno dragocenosti, ki jih lahko opazujemo z vidika botanike in zoologije, geografije in geologije … Z naselitvijo človeka pa so nastale še sledi njegovega sobivanja z naravo, ki so se zapisale v etnografsko zgodovino prostora. Takšen kraj je tudi močvirnat log na skrajnem južnem robu Sorškega polja. Ta gozdnat in travnat svet leži pod teraso, na kateri je v srednjem veku nastala vas Godešič, in proti jugu sega do reke Sore. Nadaljuj z branjem Na Produ*

Šola v naravi 5

Listi, 2. del: Vsiljivci in jedci ter zaščita

V včerajšnjem prispevku sem predstavila nekaj zanimivosti o oblikah, v katerih se pojavljajo rastlinski listi. Danes so na vrsti težave in bolezni listov, listi kot hrana ter različne prilagoditve listov, ki služijo za zaščito rastlin. Nadaljuj z branjem Šola v naravi 5